Croissant Day 2021: a history of the croissant and some croissant facts

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Today is Croissant Day 2021, a day on which we celebrate the iconic French pastry but what if we were to tell you that history of the croissant suggests that it may not be French at all!? In this article, we dive into the history and the facts and myths about the croissant. 

Croissant Day Croissant Facts Croissant History


  1. Austrian origins

The origin of the croissant can actually be traced back to 13th century Austria, where it was called the kipferl, the German word for crescent.

  1. A Viennese bakery in Paris

However it was an Austrian artillery officer August Zang who founded a Viennese bakery at 92, rue du richelieu in Paris. It served Viennese specialties including kipferl and the Vienna loaf. This bakery inspired imitators and the French version of the kipferl  was named after the shape given to it: a crescent – the French word being croissant.

Croissant facts Boulangerie Viennoise


  1. Viennoiseries

Croissants are part of the category of pastries that the French call Viennoiseries, a nod to their origins in Vienna.

Buy the poster:


  1. It may have Austrian origins but the French made it their own

Jim Chevallier, an independent scholar and author of the book “August Zang and the French Croissant: How Viennoiserie Came to France says that while the croissant may have had Austrian origins, the French made it their own:

The croissant began as the Austrian kipferl but became French the moment people began to make it with puffed pastry, which is a French innovation.” 


It has fully taken root in its adopted land.” 

If you were to order a kipferl in Austria today, you will most likely be given a cookie rather than a pastry, with the only resemblance to the croissant being its crescent shape.


  1. Marie Antoinette did not popularise the croissant

Legend credits the French queen Marie Antoinette—homesick for a taste of her native Vienna—with introducing the kipferl, and thus the croissant, to France. But Jim Chevallier mentioned above sees no evidence to support this notion.

  1. A relatively recent recipe

A croissant recipe showing the use of yeasted puff pastry dough instead of brioche that was used previously first appeared in 1905 in the book Colombie’s “NOUVELLE ENCYCLOPEDIE CULINAIRE. Cuisine et Pâtisserie Bourgeoises conserves de ménage.”

  1. A breakfast staple

The croissant was already a breakfast staple by the late 1860s and Charles Dickens referred to the “dainty croissant on the boudoir table” in All the Year Round in 1872.

Croissant history

  1. Why some croissants are curved and others are straight

Croissants that are straight are those made with butter (croissants au beurre) and the curved ones are made with margarine (croissants ordinaires).

Croissant au beurre croissant ordinaire

  1. Lamination

Those crispy, airy, crunchy layers we associate with the croissant are thanks to a process called lamination. What is it? The dough is folded several times with alternating layers of fat – butter or margarine, before then being rolled and cut into triangles. 

Croissant facts

This is how bakers create hundreds of paper-thin layers of buttery dough. The baking process then causes the butter or margarine to evaporate and the individual layers to puff up.


What did you learn about croissants from this article? I hope you’re enjoying a croissant for Croissant Day 2021.

Find out where to buy a croissant for Croissant Day 2021 here



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Croissant Day Croissant Facts Croissant History

Where to get your croissants for Croissant Day 2021!

Reading Time: 5 minutes

Tomorrow, 30 January is Croissant Day 2021. Tomorrow we will tell you about the history of this humble but iconic French pastry but today it’s about where you can get your French croissant fix around Australia to celebrate the day.

Croissant Day 2021






By Blackbird 

By Blackbird is planning to introduce two new croissants for Croissant Day 2021:

🥐Almond croissant with marzipan
🥐vegan Raspberry croissant

They source their croissants frozen from Bridor (made in France) and delivered via Eustralis. They are then baked in the morning at By Blackbird. The croissants from Bridor that they use have been stamped with AOP which means they only use real French butter in making them.

A special offer for Croissant Day 2021 will be 3 French croissants for $9 (each normally retails for $3.50).  



Adelaide French bakery institution Mulot’s isn’t doing anything special for Croissant Day. That said their delicious croissants are handmade fresh everyday with French butter.


The Old Croissant Factory

With a name like that you’re pretty sure you’re definitely going to find croissants! 


While not specific to Croissant Day 2021, The Old Croissant Factory does have a special for the weekend: Dirty Chocolate Croissants. These croissants are only available every Saturday and Sunday. 

In addition, they have some alternate croissants such as almond croissant, crumble croissants.






Flour and Chocolate, Morningside and Northgate

Flour and Chocolate will be doing special flavours this weekend. Their Northgate store will be doing a raspberry custard, and a pistachio custard. The Morningside store will have a triple chocolate and a rosemary and olive. 


Paddington Social

Paddington Social currently have a special Turkish delight croissant. It’s not specifically for Croissant Day but will be available on Saturday.




Manu Bakery

Manu Bakery is creating an XXL croissant which will only be available on Friday 29th and Saturday 30th 2021 to celebrate Croissant Day 2021. They will cost $6.50.

Manu Bakery’s croissants are always made with pure butter and a touch of sour starter in the dough, with a buttery goodness of a 50/50 ratio of butter to dough!

Their croissants are laminated to perfection, baked fresh every morning with love.




Choukette Fine Pastries, Brunswick

You can find 4 different croissants at Choukette Fine Pastries for Croissant Day 2021 (and every day):

🥐Chocololate Croissant

🥐Plain croissant

🥐Almond Croissant

🥐Raspberry croissant


Mosaic Patisserie 

Mosaic Patisserie are offering 10% off on any online orders for plain croissants placed for this weekend through their website 

Mosaic Patisserie’s croissants are made the old-school way by hand with French butter for extra flakiness. Guillaume, Mosaic’s French chef, has developed some special variations, such as the Pistachio & Raspberry croissant, the Red Raspberry croissant, the Chocolate Delice.


Reverie Café 

Reverie Cafe will have some more croissants available than their usual selection, but they remind you that they are still at a great price everyday at $4

YES!!!! $4 in Prahran, Doncaster, Eastland & their soon to re open their CBD store at Ella.


Sucre du Jour, Camberwell

Sucre du Jour will have two croissant specials for International Croissant Day and they are very unique and flavours you definitely won’t find elsewhere:


🥐Candied Pork Jerky, Kewpie and Pork Floss Croissant

Candied Pork Jerky with Kewpie Mayonnaise and Melted Cheese Croissant garnished with Pork Floss

Price : $11 AUD

🥐 Chocolate and Vegemite Croissant

Classic French Croissant filled with Chocolate Pastry Cream topped off with Salted Vegemite Caramel and garnished with Crunchy Nut

Price : $8 AUD


Sucre du Jour say that their “croissants are the perfect epitome of Modern Australian Flavours which revisits the classics with a unique blend of flavours combining both the unusual and the downright weird.”




French Sweet

If you’re in Perth, you don’t even have to leave your house to get your croissants from French Sweet for Croissant Day 2021! They are offering a box of 8 croissants for $34 plus $7.99 for delivery (Order online today for next day delivery) 



Le Breton Patisserie, Mosman 

Le Breton Patisserie’s croissants and viennoiseries are 100% pure Butter and Hand Made from  premium ingredients.


Prices are as follows:

🥐Croissants $3.30

🥐Croissant aux amandes $4.50   

🥐Viennoiseries $4.00  


NB: Of course there are many more places than the ones featured in this article at which to purchase croissants. The businesses featured in this article are those who responded to our request for information.


There are ordinary croissants and there are extra special croissants that transport you to the boulangeries of France. Where do you like to buy your croissants from? Have you had any croissants in Australia that remind you of the ones in France?



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Croissant Day 2021